ONE-YEAR ADVANCED POST GRADUATE DIPLOMA IN CRIMINAL LAW AND FORENSIC SCIENCE

 

SEMESTER 2:-

 
1.2.4. Introduction to Forensic Science & Forensic Physical Sciences:
UNIT I - History OF SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATION:
  • 1.0 – History & Development of Forensic Science,
  • 1.1 – Development of Forensic Science in India,
  • 1.2 – Forensic Science Institutions at State & Regional Levels,
UNIT II – PHYSICAL EVIDENCE & CRIME SCENE PROCESSING,
  • 2.0 – Physical Evidence & its role in Crime Investigation,
  • 2.1 – Crime Scene Processing ,
  • 2.2 – Principles & Laws governing Forensic Science,
  • 2.3 – Handling of Physical Evidence,
  • 2.4 – Packaging and Labelling Evidence,
  • 2.5 – Chain of Custody of Evidence,
  • 2.6 – Checklist of physical evidence – crime wise,
  • 2.7 – Checklist of physical evidence – FSL section wise.
UNIT III – FINGERPRINTS:
  • 3.0 – Historical Perspective
  • 3.1 – Terminology,
  • 3.2 – Fingerprint Patterns,
  • 3.3 – Taking of Fingerprints,
  • 3.4 – Taking of Palm & Sole Prints,
  • 3.5 – Taking of Fingerprints of Dead bodies,
  • 3.6 – Role of fingerprints in Disaster Victim Identification,
  • 3.7 – Purpose of Taking fingerprints,
  • 3.8 – Fingerprints at the Scene of Crime,
  • 3.9 – Expert at the Scene of Crime,
  • 3.10 – Fingerprint Photography,
  • 3.11 – Comparison of Fingerprints,
  • 3.12 – Thumb impression on Documents,
  • 3.13 – Comparison of Fingerprints using Modern Technology,
  • 3.14 – Role of Fingerprints ion Biometrics,
  • 3.15 – Forgery of Fingerprints,
  • 3.16 – Dissimilarities in Identical Fingerprints,
  • 3.17 – Law relating to Fingerprints.
UNIT IV – TRACK MARKS
  • 4.0 – Footprints
  • 4.1 – Footwear marks
  • 4.2 – Hoof marks & Paw marks
  • 4.3 – Gait pattern
  • 4.4 – Tyre Impressions
  • 4.5 – Skid Marks
UNIT V – QUESTIONED DOCUMENTS
  • 5.0 – Introduction
  • 5.1 – Scope of Document Examination
  • 5.2 – Different types of Cases
  • 5.3 – Different types of Questioned documents
  • 5.4 – Examination of writings/signatures/initials
  • 5.5 – Forgeries and their Detection 5.6 – Different types of Tampering
  • 5.7 – Other types of Examinations
  • 5.8 – Instruments 5.9 – Photography
  • 5.10 – Handling & Preservation of Documents
  • 5.11 – Glossary
  • 5.12 – References
UNIT VI – BALLISTICS
  • 6.0 – Introduction
  • 6.1 – Classification of Ballistics
  • 6.2 – Firearms
  • 6.3 – Ammunition
  • 6.4 – Mechanism of Firing
  • 6.5 – Identification of Firearms
  • 6.6 – Bullet Identification
  • 6.7 – Direction of Fire
  • 6.8 – Range of Fire
  • 6.9 – Detection of residues on hands
  • 6.10 – Gunshot Residue
  • 6.11 – Determining the range of firing by studying the GSR pattern
  • 6.12 – Entrance & Exit Wounds
  • 6.13 – Handling, Collection & Preservation of Evidence
  • 6.14 – Nature of Evidence received by Ballistics Section
  • 6.15 – Precautions & Guidelines.
UNIT VII – FORENSIC PHYSICS
  • 7.0 – Introduction
  • 7.1 – Glass
  • 7.2 – Paint
  • 7.3 – Soil, Dirt & Dust
  • 7.4 – Restoration of Obliterated marks
  • 7.5 – Tool Marks
  • 7.6 – Spurious Articles
  • 7.7 – Counterfeit Currency
UNIT VIII – COMPUTER FORENSICS
  • 8.0 – Introduction
  • 8.1 – Definition & Scope
  • 8.2 – Nature of Crimes
  • 8.3 – IT Law
  • 8.4 – Physical Evidence
  • 8.5 – Search & Seizure of Computers
  • 8.6 – Common mistakes committed by the IOs
  • 8.7 – Checklist for Typical Crimes
  • 8.8 – Current Challenges in Cyber Forensics
  • 8.9 – Anti-Forensics
  • 8.10 – Areas of Research
  • 8.11 – Glossary.
1.2.5. Forensic Chemical, Biological and General Science:
UNIT I – FORENSIC BIOLOGY
  • 1.0 – Definition & Scope
  • 1.1 – Hair 1.2 – Fibres
  • 1.3 – Diatoms
  • 1.4 – Plant Material
  • 1.5 – Forensic Entomology
  • 1.6 – Forensic Craniometry
  • 1.7 – Guidelines for Sample Collection
UNIT II – FORENSIC SEROLOGY
  • 2.0 – Definition & Scope
  • 2.1 – Blood
  • 2.2 – Examination of Other (Body) Physiological Fluids
  • 2.3 – Seminal Stains
  • 2.4 – Examination of Saliva Stains
  • 2.5 – Examination of Urine Stains
  • 2.6 – Examination of Faecal Stains
  • 2.7 – Examination of Milk Stains
  • 2.8 – Human Body Remnants Examination
  • 2.9 – Guidelines for Sample Collection
UNIT III – DNA
  • 3.0 – Introduction
  • 3.1 – History of DNA Fingerprinting
  • 3.2 – Introduction to DNA Fingerprinting
  • 3.3 – DNA Techniques used in Forensic Investigations
  • 3.4 – DNA Profiling in Investigations
  • 3.5 – STR Loci commonly used in DNA Typing
  • 3.6 – Practical Applications of Forensic DNA Fingerprinting.
UNIT IV – Forensic Chemistry
  • 4.0 – Introduction
  • 4.1 – Analysis of Alcohol used in Liquors/Drinks
  • 4.2 – Adulteration of Petroleum Products
  • 4.3 – Cement, Mortar & Concrete
  • 4.4 – Fire Investigation
  • 4.5 – Oils & Fats 4.6 – Acids & Alkalis
  • 4.7 – Examination of Chemicals used in Trap Cases
UNIT V – TOXICOLOGY
  • 5.0 – Introduction
  • 5.1 – Classification of Poisons
  • 5.2 – Scope
  • 5.3 – Categories
  • 5.4 – Gaseous and Volatile Poisons
  • 5.5 – Inorganic Poisons (Metallic & Anions)
  • 5.6 – Neutral Poisons (Organic Non-volatile)
  • 5.7 – Basic Drugs/Poisons (Organic Non-volatile)
  • 5.8 – Acidic Drugs/Poisons (Organic Non-volatile)
  • 5.9 – Miscellaneous Poisons
UNIT VI – NARCOTICS
  • 6.0 – Introduction
  • 6.1 – Opium/Morphine/Heroin Compounds
  • 6.2 – Cannabis 6.3 – Benzodiazepines
  • 6.4 – Barbiturates
UNIT VII – EXPLOSIVES
  • 7.0 – Origin
  • 7.1 – Development
  • 7.2 – Composition of Explosives
  • 7.3 – Classification of Explosives
  • 7.4 – Improvised Explosive Device
  • 7.5 – Explosions
  • 7.6 – Explosive Train
  • 7.7 – Effects of Explosion
  • 7.8 – Explosion Scene Investigation
  • 7.9 – Collection and types of Physical Evidence
  • 7.10 – Laboratory Analysis of Explosives
  • 7.11 – Instrumental Analysis
  • 7.12 – Contamination Control.
UNIT VIII – FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGY
  • 8.0 – Introduction
  • 8.1 – Psychology gets a new branch
  • 8.2 – Criminal Profiling Facts Vs. Fiction
  • 8.3 – A short history of Criminal Profiling
  • 8.4 – FBI Crime Scene Analysis
  • 8.5 – Investigative Psychology: The Canter Approach
  • 8.6 – Polygraph/Lie-detector
UNIT IX – FORENSIC ENGINEERING
  • 9.0 – Introduction
  • 9.1 – Failure Mechanisms (Types of Failures)
  • 9.2 – Failures in Electrical Fields
  • 9.3 – Failures of Metallic Orthopaedic Implants
  • 9.4 – Electrical Component Failures
  • 9.5 – Failure Analysis of Integrated Circuits
  • 9.6 – Some Typical Failure Investigations
  • 9.7 – Investigation into Accidents
  • 9.8 – Structural Failure involving Civil Construction Material
  • 9.9 – Video Authentication
  • 9.10 – Forensic Speaker Identification
UNIT X – QUALITY ASSURANCE
  • 10.0 – Introduction
  • 10.1 – The Quality System
  • 10.2 – The Quality Manual
  • 10. 3 – Internal Audit Program
  • 10.4 – Accreditation
UNIT XI – EXPERT TESTIMONY
  • 11.0 – Introduction
  • 11.1 – Expert Witnesses
  • 11.2 – Report 11.3 – The Court.
1.2.6. Forensic Medicine:
UNIT I – SCOPE OF FORENSIC MEDICINE
  • 1.0 – Introduction
  • 1.1 – Role of Medico-Legal Expert in Crime Investigation
  • 1.2 – Scope of the services
UNIT II – HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
  • 2.0 – Introduction
  • 2.1 – Terminology
  • 2.2 – Structure of the Body
  • 2.3 – Human Skeleton
  • 2.4 – Vital Systems of the Body
UNIT III – IDENTIFICATION OF THE LIVING AND DEAD
  • 3.0 – Definition
  • 3.1 – Data Useful for Identification
UNIT IV – INVESTIGATION OF THE SCENE OF CRIME
  • 4.0 – Introduction
  • 4.1 – Preliminary Steps
  • 4.2 – Examination of the Scene of Crime
  • 4.3 – Examination of the Scene in Mass Disasters
  • 4.4 – Medico-legal aspects of Death
UNIT V – POST-MORTEM CHANGES
  • 5.0 – Introduction
  • 5.1 – Immediate Signs of Death
  • 5.2 – Early Signs of Death
  • 5.3 – Late Signs of Death
  • 5.4 – Post-mortem Interval
UNIT VI – INJURIES & WOUNDS
  • 6.0 – Definitions
  • 6.1 – Classification.
UNIT VII – MEDICOLEGAL ASPECTS OF INJURIES
  • 7.0 – Introduction
  • 7.1 – Causes of Death from Wounds
  • 7.2 – Nature of the Injury
  • 7.3 – Mode of Death
  • 7.4 – Volitional Acts after Injury
  • 7.5 – Sequence of Injuries
  • 7.6 – Period of Survival
  • 7.7 – Relative position of the assailant and the victim
  • 7.8 – Gravity of Injuries
  • 7.9 – Novus Actus Interveniens
  • 7.10 – Burns
  • 7.11 – Traffic Accidents
  • 7.12 – Railway Injuries
  • 7.13 – Aircraft Injuries
  • 7.14 – Blast Injuries
  • 7.15 – Bomb Injuries
  • 7.16 – Barotraumas
UNIT VIII – ASPHYXIAL DEATHS
  • 8.0 – Asphyxia
  • 8.1 – General Features
  • 8.2 – Types of Asphyxial Deaths
  • 8.3 – Hanging
  • 8.4 – Strangulation
  • 8.5 – Throttling
  • 8.6 – Drowning
  • 8.7 – Suffocation
  • 8.8 – Sexual Asphyxias
UNIT IX – SEXUAL OFFENCES
  • 9.0 – Classification
  • 9.1 – Guidelines for Investigation
  • 9.2 – Rape
  • 9.3 – Unnatural Sexual Offences
UNIT X – POISONING
  • 10.0 – Introduction
  • 10.1 – Types of Poisoning
  • 10.2 – Classification of Poisons
  • 10.3 – Role of I.O. at the Scene of Crime
  • 10.4 – Diagnosis of Poisoning.
UNIT XI – FORENSIC ARCHAEOLOGY
  • 11.0 – History
  • 11.1 – Introduction
  • 11.2 – Basic Principles
  • 11.3 – Archaeology in Forensic Science
  • 11.4 – Types of Physical Evidence & Cases
  • 11.5 – Method of Analysis
UNIT XII – FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY
  • 12.0 – History
  • 12.1 – Introduction
  • 12.2 – Types of Physical Evidence & Cases
  • 12.3 – Method of Analysis
  • 12.4 – Cause & Manner of Death
  • 12.5 – Burnt Bones
  • 12.6 – Specialist Techniques
UNIT XIII – FORENSIC ODONTOLOGY
  • 13.0 – History
  • 13.1 – Introduction
  • 13.2 – Human Dentition
  • 13.3 – Types of Physical Evidence & Cases
  • 13.4 – Method of Analysis
  • 13.5 – Mass Disasters
  • 13.6 – Bite Mark.

Course Coordinator

  
 Dr.K.V.K.Santhy
 Associate Professor
 NALSAR University of Law
  Ph : +9140 – 23498213
 

Administrative Contact

 

Ms. K. Madhuri
Assistant Registrar
Ph : +9140 – 23498402
Email : ddeadmissions@nalsar.ac.in

Ms. G. Usha Devi
Junior Assistant
Ph : +9140 – 23498404
Email : nalsarpro@nalsar.ac.in

Mr. B. Vijay Kumar
Record Assistant
Ph : +9140 – 23498404
Email : nalsarpro@nalsar.ac.in

Postal Address

NALSAR Proximate Education

Directorate of Distance Education
NALSAR University of Law
Justice City, Shameerpet, Medchal District,
Hyderabad - 500101, Telangana, India.
Ph : +9140 – 23498404;Fax: +91 40 23498403

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