1. Introduction To International Humanitarian Law
I. Introduction
  • HL and Public International Law
  • Jus in bello and jus ad bellum
II. Definition and Concept of International Humanitarian Law:
  • Fundamental Principles of IHL
  • Sources of IHL
  • Ancient Indian and Oriental Philosophies on the Law of War
  • Eastern and Western Philosophies on the Law of War
  • History of International Legal Instruments on the Laws of War
III. Application of IHL
  • Definition of War (Traditionally viewed as an International Conflict)
  • The Concepts of International and Internal Armed Conflicts
  • Applicability of IHL in Various Conflict Situations & Common Article 3 of the Geneva Conventions: Its Applicability and the question of threshold
IV. IHL and Human Rights
  • Origin, Development and Scope of Human Rights Law
  • A Comparative Study of the Two Bodies of Law - Similarities, Differences and Areas of Overlap
  • Application of Human Rights Provisions in Conflict Situations - Conditions and Provisions for Derogation
  • Applicability of Human Right's Norms to Internal Disturbances and Tensions
  • Treatment of Detainees and others Deprived of Liberty - Applicable Norms
  • Developments concerning a Declaration of Minimum Humanitarian Standards.
2. Protection Of Victims Of War And Armed Conflicts
I. Introduction
II. The General Obligation of Humane Treatment
III. Protection to the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked
  • Medical personnel
  • Medical objects
  • Work of Relief Societies. Importance of the Emblems
IV. Participants in the Conflict: Definitions of Combatants and Non-combatants
V. Protection of Prisoners of War
  • Determination of Status
  • Treatment, supervision and repatriation
VI. Protection of Civilians
  • Protection against arbitrary treatment
  • Protection of Women and Children. Question of Child Soldiers.
  • Protection of Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons
  • Civilians in Occupied Territories
VII. Activities of the International Committee of the Red Cross in favour of victims of armed conflicts.
3. Limitations Of Means And Methods Of Warfare
I. Introduction
  • Protection of civilians against effects of hostilities
II. General Limitations on Means and Methods of Warfare
  • Principles applicable to means and methods of warfare
  • Definition of military objectives and civilian objects
III. The Law Relating to Naval Warfare
IV. The Law Relating to Air Warfare
V. Specific Weapons Regimes
  • Some early developments
  • Chemical, Biological and Bacteriological Weapons
  • Nuclear Weapons
  • Conventional Weapons (Conventional Weapons Convention and its Protocols)
  • Anti-personnel Landmines
  • Recent Developments (Small Arms, Unexploded remnants of armed conflicts, etc.)
VI. Protection of Environment in Times of Armed Conflicts
VII. Protection of Cultural Property in Times of Armed Conflicts
4. Implementation Of International Humanitarian Law
I. Introduction
II. National Implementation of IHL
  • Role of national legislations
  • Other national measures for IHL implementation
III. International Implementation of International Humanitarian Law
  • Role of the United Nations
  • System of Protecting Powers
  • Role of the ICRC
  • International Fact-finding Commission
IV. International Criminal Law Mechanisms for Implementation of IHL
  • Introduction to the general concept of war crime trials
  • Early War Crimes Trials - Nuremberg and Tokyo Trials
  • The ad hoc War Crimes Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda
  • Developments Concerning Creation of a Permanent International Criminal Court
V. Special Issues Concerning Implementation of IHL in Times of Internal Armed Conflicts

Course Coordinator

 Mr.Syed Ashfaq Hussain
  Assistant Professor
  ph :+9140 – 23498229

Administrative Contact


Ms. K. Madhuri
Assistant Registrar
Ph : +9140 – 23498402
Email :

Ms. G. Usha Devi
Junior Assistant
Ph : +9140 – 23498404
Email :

Mr. B. Vijay Kumar
Record Assistant
Ph : +9140 – 23498404
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Postal Address

NALSAR Proximate Education

Directorate of Distance Education
NALSAR University of Law
Justice City, Shameerpet, Medchal District,
Hyderabad - 500101, Telangana, India.
Ph : +9140 – 23498404;Fax: +91 40 23498403

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