2-YEAR M.A. (ANIMAL PROTETCION LAWS)
SEMESTER – II
1.2.4. Animal Ethics
This course aims to provide a theoretical framework within which to understand how and why the current legal framework has arisen and failed to effectively address animal protection concerns. This includes not just why animals haven’t been accorded with sufficient protection but also how to asses where ethically and morally interventions are required.
a. Who is an Animal?
- Definition of “captive animals”, “domestic animal”, “farmed animal”
- “legal thing” vs “legal personhood”
b. Why do animals’ matter?
- Animals Sentience
- What rights should animals possess
- The moral status of animals
c. Evolution of Animal Welfare and animal rights
d. Why does animal suffering matter?
- Utilitarian theory
- Exploitation of basic rights
- Link between animal cruelty and human violence (child abuse, domestic violence, criminal behaviour and delinquency)
e. Status accorded to animals in the great religions of the world
f. How should we treat animals?
- Treatment of animals in a humane manner
- Five freedoms
g. Different Approaches to Animal Protection: (Animal Welfare, Animal Rights, Conservation.)
h. Metrics of selection and successful intervention measures (neglectedness, impact, etc.)
1.2.5. Laws relating to Prevention of Cruelty to Animals- 2
This course will act as a continuation to the Laws Relating to Prevention of Cruelty to Animals-1 course, and address the remaining areas, as listed below in a similar manner with reference to relevant animal protection laws and cases.
a. Laws relating to Farmed Animals
- Issues and Realities of Animal Farming: Intensive confinement, genetic modification/trait selection, antibiotic abuse, environmental impact of factory farming & impact on public health by factory farming, de-beaking, castration and other common mutilations.
- Laws pertaining to slaughter, FSSAI Act and FSSAI Rules, 2011
- Legality of intensive confinement
b. Laws relating to transport of animals
c. Reporting Animal Cruelty (How to file an FIR)
d. Laws relating to livestock and animal markets
e. Care and Maintenance of Case Property Rules,
- Procedure for seizure .
- Maintenance/ upkeep and expenses for seized animals.
1.2.6. Wildlife Laws
This course will explore the major wildlife crimes that occur in India, the domestic laws and international treaties that work towards the protection and conservation of wildlife including the regulation relating to wildlife trade. This course will also look at non-lethal methods of conflict mitigation and balancing rights between humans and wildlife.
a. Balancing Interests (Humans & Animals)
- Human Wildlife Conflict
- Right to Forests (Forest Act, 2006)
- National Zoo Policy, 1998.
- Recognition of Zoo Rules, 2009
- Wildlife Corridors
b. Domestic Wildlife Protection Laws
- The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972; National Board for Wildlife
- The Wildlife (Protection) Rules, 1995
- Biological Diversity Act, 2002; National Biodiversity Authority
c. Wildlife Trade:
- Introduction to crimes and illegal trade in India.
- Legal and illegal wildlife trade
- Wildlife Trade: International Treaties